Apostle Paul

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Composed of the Following:

1. His pre- Christian life 2. Paul's conversion 3. Early Christian life 4. First missionary journey
5. Between journeys 6. second missionary journey 7. Third missionary journey 8. Paul at Jerusalem
9. Paul at Caesarea 10. Voyage to Rome 11. Paul at Rome  

 

A study of the person and life of Apostle Paul can be a most rewarding and humbling experience. As I prepared my notes for this study course, I could not help but be in awe of this most remarkable Man of God. I can think of no one in the history of the church, that poured out their lives, for the cause of Christ, as our beloved brother Apostle Paul did. His dedication and self-sacrifice for the cause of the Lord Jesus Christ, continues to be an inspiration for Christians everywhere, through out the ages.

Thank you brother Paul.

Of the 27 books of the New Testament, 13 came by way of Apostle Paul. His writings were authenticated to be inspired scripture by Peter.  ( 2 Peter 3:15-16 )

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1. His pre- Christian life

1.  His Birth

Acts 22:3   I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day.

    a.  Of the tribe of Benjamin

      Philippians 3:5   Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews;

  2.  A Roman Citizen

Acts 22:25-28   And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned?
26.  When the centurion heard that, he went and told the chief captain, saying, Take  heed what thou doest: for this man is a Roman.
27.  Then the chief captain came, and said unto him, Tell me, art thou a Roman? He  said, Yea.
28.  And the chief captain answered, With a great sum obtained I this freedom. And  Paul said, But I was free born.
29.  Then straightway they departed from him which should have examined him: and the chief captain also was afraid, after he knew that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him.

  3.  His Family

    a.  Father

Acts 23:6   But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question.

    b.  Sister

      Acts 23:16   And when Paul's sister's son heard of their lying in wait, he went and entered into the castle, and told Paul.

    c. Relatives

      Romans 16:7   Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, 
     who also were in Christ before me.

      Vs. 11   Salute Herodion my kinsman. Greet them that be of the household of Narcissus, which are in the Lord.

  4.  His Education

Acts 22:3    I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect  manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day.

  5.  His Trade

Acts 18:1-3   After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth;
2.  And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy,  with his wife Priscilla; (because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them.
3.  And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.

  6.  His Religion

    a. A strict Pharisee

      Acts 23:6   But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the 
     council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a  Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in 
     question.


      Galatians 1:14   And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly
      zealous of the traditions of my fathers.


      Philippians 3:5.  Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews;
      as touching the law, a Pharisee;


    b.  His religious zeal

       Philippians 3:6   Concerning zeal, persecuting the church;

    c. A former persecutor of the Church

      Acts 7: 58.   And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid  down their clothes at a young man's
      feet, whose name was Saul.

 

* Paulís circumcision name was Saul

     
      Acts 8:1   And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church
      which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the
      apostles.


      Acts 9:1-2    And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high 
      priest,

      2.  And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or
      women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.


      Acts 22: 4   And I persecuted this way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women.

      Galatians 1:13   For ye have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I
      persecuted the church of God, and wasted it:


        1.  God shows mercy to Paul

         1 Timothy 1:13   Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it
          ignorantly in unbelief.


         1 Timothy 1:15-16   This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to
          save sinners; of whom I am chief.

         16.  Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a   
          pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.


        * Some people think that God wonít forgive their sins; Paul is a wonderful example of Godís mercy and forgiveness.

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2. Paul's conversion


How it happened


Acts 9: 1.  And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest,
2.  And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.
3.  And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven:
4.  And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?
5.  And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
6.  And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it shall be told thee what thou must do.
7.  And the men which journeyed with him stood speechless, hearing a voice, but  seeing no man.
8.  And Saul arose from the earth; and when his eyes were opened, he saw no man: but they led him by the hand, and brought him into Damascus.
9.  And he was three days without sight, and neither did eat nor drink.

Acts 22: 4-10    And I persecuted this way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women.
5.  As also the high priest doth bear me witness, and all the estate of the elders: from whom also I received letters unto the brethren, and went to Damascus, to bring them which were there bound unto Jerusalem, for to be punished.
6.  And it came to pass, that, as I made my journey, and was come nigh unto Damascus about noon, suddenly there shone from heaven a great light round about me.
7.  And I fell unto the ground, and heard a voice saying unto me, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?
8.  And I answered, Who art thou, Lord? And he said unto me, I am Jesus of  Nazareth, whom thou persecutest.
9.  And they that were with me saw indeed the light, and were afraid; but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me.
10.  And I said, What shall I do, Lord? And the Lord said unto me, Arise, and go into Damascus; and there it shall be told thee of all things which are appointed for thee to do.


  a. Blinded for 3 Days

Acts 9:8-12   And Saul arose from the earth; and when his eyes were opened, he saw no man: but they led him by the hand, and brought him into Damascus.
9.  And he was three days without sight, and neither did eat nor drink.

10.  And there was a certain disciple at Damascus, named Ananias; and to him said the Lord in a vision, Ananias. And he said, Behold, I am here, Lord.
11.  And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and inquire in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus: for, behold, he prayeth,
12.  And hath seen in a vision a man named Ananias coming in, and putting his hand on him, that he might receive his sight.

    b.  Is healed and baptized

Acts 9:17-18   And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost.
18.  And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received ight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized.


    c.  Begins to preach Jesus

Acts 9:19   And when he had received meat, he was strengthened. Then was Saul certain days with the disciples which were at Damascus.
20.  And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.
21.  But all that heard him were amazed, and said; Is not this he that destroyed them which called on this name in Jerusalem, and came hither for that intent, that he might bring them bound unto the chief priests?

    d.  The Jews plot to kill him and his escape

Acts 9:23   And after that many days were fulfilled, the Jews took counsel to kill him:
24.  But their laying await was known of Saul. And they watched the gates day and night to kill him.
25.  Then the disciples took him by night, and let him down by the wall in a basket.

    e.  At first, Christians were afraid of him

Acts 9: 26-27   And when Saul was come to Jerusalem, he assayed to join himself to the disciples: but they were all afraid of him, and believed not that he was a disciple.
27.  But Barnabas took him, and brought him to the apostles, and declared unto them how he had seen the Lord in the way, and that he had spoken to him, and how he had preached boldly at Damascus in the name of Jesus.

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3. Early Christian life

a.  Eventually accepted  

Acts 9: 26-30   And when Saul was come to Jerusalem, he assayed to join himself to the disciples: but they were all afraid of him, and believed not that he was a disciple.
27.  But Barnabas took him, and brought him to the apostles, and declared unto them how he had seen the Lord in the way, and that he had spoken to him, and how he had preached boldly at Damascus in the name of Jesus.
28.  And he was with them coming in and going out at Jerusalem.
29.  And he spake boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus, and disputed against the Grecians: but they went about to slay him.
30.  Which when the brethren knew, they brought him down to Caesarea, and sent him forth to Tarsus.

b.  Paul goes into Arabia

Galatians 1:15-17   But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace,
16.  To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:
17.  Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus.

c.  Paul receives Divine revelation

Galatians 1:11   But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man.
12.  For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.

d.  Paul returns to Jerusalem - visits Peter

Galatians 1:18-19   Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days.
19.  But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.

e.  Brought to Antioch to help

Acts 11:25-26   Then departed Barnabas to Tarsus, for to seek Saul:
26.  And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught much people. And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.

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4. First missionary journey

The Call

Acts 13:1-3   Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.
2.  As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.
3.  And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.

 Events of

      1.  Sail to Cyprus - Preach the Gospel

        Acts 13:4-5   So they, being sent forth by the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and from thence they sailed to
        Cyprus.

        5.  And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews: and they had also
        John to their minister.


        * Paulís companions ( above scriptures) Barnabus and John

      2.  An Encounter With a False Prophet

        Acts 6-12   And when they had gone through the isle unto Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false prophet, a
        Jew, whose name was Barjesus:

        7.  Which was with the deputy of the country, Sergius Paulus, a prudent man; who called for Barnabas and Saul, and
        desired to hear the word of God.

        8.  But Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by interpretation) withstood them,  seeking to turn away the deputy from
        the faith.

        9.  Then Saul, (who also is called Paul,) filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on him,
        10.  And said, O full of all subtilty and all mischief, thou child of the devil, thou enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not
         cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?

        11.  And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon thee, and thou shalt be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. And
         immediately there fell on him a mist and a darkness; and he went about seeking some to lead him by the hand.

        12.  Then the deputy, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord.      

      3.  John quits and returns home

        Acts 13:13   Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John
       departing from them returned to Jerusalem.


      4.  Paul preaches at Antioch in Pisidia

        Acts 13:14   But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the
        Sabbath day, and sat down.

        Vs.16   Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience.   
                    (see verses 17-52 )


          a. Gentiles believe and are glad           
          b. The Jews bring about persecution against Paul and Barnabus and have them expelled. They shake off the dust of
              their feet as a testimony against them.


      5.  Events at Iconium

        Acts 14:1-5   And it came to pass in Iconium, that they went both together into the synagogue of the Jews, and so
        spake, that a great multitude both of the Jews and also of the Greeks believed.

        2.  But the unbelieving Jews stirred up the Gentiles, and made their minds evil affected against the brethren.
        3.  Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and
        granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands.

        4.  But the multitude of the city was divided: and part held with the Jews, and part with the apostles.
        5.  And when there was an assault made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews  with their rulers, to use them
       despitefully, and to stone them,

      
      6.  On to Lystra

         Acts 14:6-7   They were ware of it, and fled unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, and unto the region that lieth
         round about:

         7.  And there they preached the gospel.

           Highlights of  Vs. 8-19   (at Lystra)

          a.  Crippled man is healed
          b. Paul has to convince the people that he and Barnabas were not gods
          c.  Paul is stoned

      7.  On to Derbe

        Acts 14:20   Howbeit, as the disciples stood round about him, he rose up, and came into the city: and the next day he
        departed with Barnabas to Derbe.


      8.  Returning home

        Acts 14:21-28    And when they had preached the gospel to that city, and had taught many, they returned again to
        Lystra, and to Iconium, and Antioch,

        22.  Confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much
        tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.

        23.  And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to
        the Lord, on whom they believed.

        24.  And after they had passed throughout Pisidia, they came to Pamphylia.
        25.  And when they had preached the word in Perga, they went down into Attalia:
        26.  And thence sailed to Antioch, from whence they had been recommended to the grace of God for the work which
        they fulfilled.

        27.  And when they were come, and had gathered the church together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them,
        and how he had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles.
        28.  And there they abode long time with the disciples.

        a.  Confirmed the disciples, that they had led to the Lord

        b. Exhorted them

        c. Ordained Elders in the churches that had been established

        d.  Preached at Perga

        e.  Sailed back to Antioch, from where their journey began

        f. Assembled with the church there and gave testimony concerning all that God had
            done on this first missionary journey.
 

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5. Between journeys

1.  The debate at Jerusalem

    a.  The dispute

      Acts1-6  And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after
      the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved.

      2.  When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and
      Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.

      3.  And being brought on their way by the church, they passed through Phenice and  Samaria, declaring the conversion of
      the Gentiles: and they caused great joy unto all the brethren.

      4.  And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and of the apostles and elders, and they
      declared all things that God had done with them.

      5.  But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them,
      and to command them to keep the law of Moses.

      6.  And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter.

    b.  The decision

      12.  Then all the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul, declaring what miracles and wonders
      God had wrought among the Gentiles by them.

      13.  And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Men and brethren, hearken unto me:
      14.  Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of
      them a people for his name.
      15.  And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written,
      16.  After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is  fallen down; and I will build again the
      ruins thereof, and I will set it up:

      17.  That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the
      Lord, who doeth all these things.

      18.  Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world.
      19.  Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the  Gentiles are turned to God:
      20.  But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from things
      strangled, and from blood.


    c.  The action taken

      Acts 15:22-29   Then pleased it the apostles and elders, with the whole church, to send chosen men of their own
      company to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas; namely, Judas surnamed Barsabas, and Silas, chief men among the
      brethren:

      23.  And they wrote letters by them after this manner; The apostles and elders and brethren send greeting unto the
      brethren which are of the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia:

      24.  Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your
      souls, saying, Ye must be circumcised, and keep the law: to whom we gave no such commandment:

      25.  It seemed good unto us, being assembled with one accord, to send chosen men unto you with our beloved Barnabas
      and Paul,

      26.  Men that have hazarded their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.
      27.  We have sent therefore Judas and Silas, who shall also tell you the same things by mouth.
      28.  For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary
      things;

      29.  That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from
      which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well.


 2.  Paul and Barnabas at Antioch

      Acts 15:35   Paul also and Barnabas continued in Antioch, teaching and preaching the word of the Lord, with many
      others also.

 3. Paul rebukes Peter

      Galatians 2:11-21    Vs.11-13   But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be
      blamed.

      12.  For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and
      separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision.

      13.  And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their
      dissimulation.

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6. Second missionary journey


1.  Beginnings

Acts 15:35-36   Paul also and Barnabas continued in Antioch, teaching and preaching the word of the Lord, with many others also.

36.  And some days after Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our brethren in every city where we have preached the word of the Lord, and see how they do.

 2.  The Problem

Acts 15:37-38   And Barnabas determined to take with them John, whose surname was Mark
38.  But Paul thought not good to take him with them, who departed from them from Pamphylia, and went not with them to the work.

      a. The solution

        Acts 15:39-41   And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so
        Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cyprus;

        40.  And Paul chose Silas, and departed, being recommended by the brethren unto the grace of God.
        41.  And he went through Syria and Cilicia, confirming the churches.

 3.  Paul revisits Derbe and Lystra

    a.  Take Timothy as a helper

      Acts 16:1-5   Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of
       a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father was a Greek:

      2.  Which was well reported of by the brethren that were at Lystra and Iconium.
      3.  Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those  
       quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.

      4.  And as they went through the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, that were ordained of the apostles
       and elders which were at Jerusalem.

      5.  And so were the churches established in the faith, and increased in number daily.

4.  Directed by the Holy Ghost

Acts 16:6-9   Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia,
7.  After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not.
8.  And they passing by Mysia came down to Troas.
9.  And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and  prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and help us.
10.  And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into  Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them.
11.  Therefore loosing from Troas, we came with a straight course to Samothracia, and the next day to Neapolis;


5.  Events at Philippi

    a.  Lydia is converted

      Acts 16:14-15   And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God,
        heard us: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.

      15.  And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the
        Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us.


    b.  An unclean spirit is cast out of a girl

      Acts 16:16-18   And it came to pass, as we went to prayer, a certain damsel  possessed with a spirit of divination met
        us, which brought her masters much gain by soothsaying:

      17.  The same followed Paul and us, and cried, saying, These men are the servants of the most high God, which shew 
        unto us the way of salvation.

      18.  And this did she many days. But Paul, being grieved, turned and said to the spirit, I command thee in the name of
        Jesus Christ to come out of her. And he came out the same hour.


     c.  Paul and Silas are beaten

      Acts 16:23-24   And when they had laid many stripes upon them, they cast them into prison, charging the jailor to keep
       them safely:

      24.  Who, having received such a charge, thrust them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the stocks.

     d.  Paul and Silas sing praise

      Acts 16:25-26   And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them.
      26.  And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken: and immediately all
       the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed.


    e.  Jailer is converted

      Acts 16:27-33   And the keeper of the prison awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the  prison doors open, he drew out
       his sword, and would have killed himself, supposing  that the prisoners had been fled.

      28.  But Paul cried with a loud voice, saying, Do thyself no harm: for we are all here.
      29.  Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas,
      30.  And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?
      31.  And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.
      32.  And they spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were in his house.
      33.  And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway.

 6.  On to Thessalonica

Acts 17:1-4   Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews:
2.  And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,
3.  Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ.
4.  And some of them believed, and consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout Greeks a great multitude, and of the chief women not a few.

7.  On to Berea

Acts 17:10-14   And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue of the Jews.
11.  These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
12.  Therefore many of them believed; also of honourable women which were Greeks, and of men, not a few.
13.  But when the Jews of Thessalonica had knowledge that the word of God was

preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither also, and stirred up the people.

8.  Paul at Athens

Acts 17:14-16   And then immediately the brethren sent away Paul to go as it were to the sea: but Silas and Timotheus abode there still.
15.  And they that conducted Paul brought him unto Athens: and receiving a commandment unto Silas and Timotheus for to come to him with all speed, they departed.
16.  Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.


    a.  Paul preaches and has some converts

      Acts 17:22-34   Then Paul stood in the midst of Mars' hill, and said, Ye men of Athens, I perceive that in all things ye are
       too superstitious.

      23.  For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, To The Unknown God. Whom
       therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.

      24.  God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples
       made with hands;

      25.  Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and
      all things;

      26.  And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the
       times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;
      27.  That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him,  though he be not far from every one
       of us:

      28.  For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his
       offspring.

      29.  Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver,
       or stone, graven by art and man's device.

      30.  And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:
      31.  Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath 
       ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.

      32.  And when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some mocked: and others said, We will hear thee again of this
       matter.

      33.  So Paul departed from among them.
      34.  Howbeit certain men clave unto him, and believed: among the which was Dionysius the Areopagite, and a woman
       named Damaris, and others with them.


9.  Paul goes to Corinth

Acts 18:1   After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth;

    a.  Stays with Aquila

      Acts 18:2   And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla;
       (because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them.

      3.  And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were
       tentmakers.


    b.  Reunited with Silas and Timothy

      Acts 18:5   And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to
      the Jews that Jesus was Christ.


    c.  The Jews oppose Paul

      Acts 18:6   And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood
       be upon your own heads; I am clean; from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles.


    d.  The Lord encourages Paul

      Acts 18:9-11   Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace:
      10.  For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much people in this city.
      11.  And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.     

10.  Paul goes to Ephesus

Acts 18:19-21   And he came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered  into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews.
20.  When they desired him to tarry longer time with them, he consented not;
      
11. Paul returns to Antioch

Acts 18:21-22   But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast
that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. And he sailed  from Ephesus.
22.  And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.

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7. Third missionary journey


1.  Strengthening the disciples


Acts 18:23   And after he had spent some time there, he departed, and went over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples.

    a.  Apollos is instructed

      Acts 18:24-26   And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures,
       came to Ephesus.

      25.  This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the
       things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John.

      26.  And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto
       them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly.


  3.  At Ephesus some disciples receive the Holy Ghost

Acts 19:1-6   And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples,
2.  He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost.
3.  And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism.
4.  Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.
5.  When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.
6.  And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.

    a.  Paul remains 2-3 years teaching them

      Acts 19:8-10   And he went into the synagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing and
       persuading the things concerning the kingdom of God.

      9.  But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from
       them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus.

      10.  And this continued by the space of two years; so that all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus,
        both Jews and Greeks.


    b.  God does miracles

      Acts 19:11-12   And God wrought special miracles by the hands of Paul:
      12.  So that from his body were brought unto the sick handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases departed from them,
       and the evil spirits went out of them.


    c.  The 7 sons of Sceva

      Acts 19:13-16   Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call  over them which had evil spirits
       the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, We adjure you  by Jesus whom Paul preacheth.

      14.  And there were seven sons of one Sceva, a Jew, and chief of the priests, which did so.
      15.  And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye?
      16.  And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them, and prevailed against them, so that
       they fled out of that house naked and wounded.


    d.  Sorcery books are burned

      Acts 19:19   Many of them also which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them before all men:
       and they counted the price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of silver.


  4.  On to Macedonia and Greece

Acts 20:1-2   And after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto him the disciples, and embraced them, and departed for to go into Macedonia.
2.  And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he came into Greece,

  5.  Paul at Troas

Acts 20:6-10   And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came unto them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days.7.  And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.
8.  And there were many lights in the upper chamber, where they were gathered together.
9.  And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was taken up dead.
10.  And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing him said, Trouble not yourselves; for his life is in him.

  6.  Paul at Miletus

Acts 20:15   And we sailed thence, and came the next day over against Chios; and the next day we arrived at Samos, and tarried at Trogyllium; and the next day we came to Miletus.

    a.  Paul's farewell to the Ephesian elders   

      Acts 20:17   And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.  
      ( see Vs. 18-38 for Paulís address to them )


 7.  Paul at Caesarea

Acts 21:7-9   And when we had finished our course from Tyre, we came to Ptolemais, and saluted the brethren, and abode with them one day.
8.  And the next day we that were of Paul's company departed, and came unto Caesarea: and we entered into the house of Philip the evangelist, which was one of the seven; and abode with him.
9.  And the same man had four daughters, virgins, which did prophesy.

    a.  Agabus the Prophet

      Acts 21:10-12   And as we tarried there many days, there came down from Judaea a certain prophet, named Agabus.
      11.  And when he was come unto us, he took Paul's girdle, and bound his own hands and feet, and said, Thus saith the
       Holy Ghost, So shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man that owneth this girdle, and shall deliver him into the hands of
       the Gentiles.

      12.  And when we heard these things, both we, and they of that place, besought him not to go up to Jerusalem.

    b.  Paul is determined to go   

      Acts 21:13-14   Then Paul answered, What mean ye to weep and to break mine heart? for I am ready not to be bound
       only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.

      14.  And when he would not be persuaded, we ceased, saying, The will of the Lord be done.

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8. Paul at Jerusalem

1.  Welcomed by the church

Acts 21:17-19   And when we were come to Jerusalem, the brethren received us gladly.
18.  And the day following Paul went in with us unto James; and all the elders were  present.

19.  And when he had saluted them, he declared particularly what things God had wrought among the Gentiles by his ministry.

     a. Paul is captured by the Jews

      Acts 21:26-30   Then Paul took the men, and the next day purifying himself with them entered into the temple, to signify
       the accomplishment of the days of purification, until that an offering should be offered for every one of them.

      27.  And when the seven days were almost ended, the Jews which were of Asia, when they saw him in the temple,
       stirred up all the people, and laid hands on him,

      28.  Crying out, Men of Israel, help: This is the man, that teacheth all men every where  against the people, and the law,
       and this place: and further brought Greeks also into the temple, and hath polluted this holy place.

      29.  (For they had seen before with him in the city Trophimus an Ephesian, whom they supposed that Paul had brought
       into the temple.)

      30.  And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they took Paul, and drew him out of the temple: and
       forthwith the doors were shut.


    b.  Seized by the Romans

      Acts 21:31-33   And as they went about to kill him, tidings came unto the chief captain of the band, that all Jerusalem
       was in an uproar.

      32.  Who immediately took soldiers and centurions, and ran down unto them: and when they saw the chief captain and
       the soldiers, they left beating of Paul.

      33.  Then the chief captain came near, and took him, and commanded him to be bound with two chains; and demanded
       who he was, and what he had done.


     c.  Paul is allowed to speak to the Jewish mob

      Acts 22:1-2   Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defense which I make now unto you.
      2.  (And when they heard that he spake in the Hebrew tongue to them, they kept the more silence: and he saith,)  
                                  ( see  Vs. 3-23 for his address to them )


     d.  The mob rejects his words

      Acts 22:22.....Away with such a fellow from the earth: for it is not fit that he should live.

    e.  Paul is to be scourged

      Acts 22:24-28   The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by
       scourging; that he might know wherefore they cried so against him.

      25.  And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is  it lawful for you to scourge a man
       that is a Roman, and uncondemned?

      26.  When the centurion heard that, he went and told the chief captain, saying, Take heed what thou doest: for this man is
       a Roman.

      27.  Then the chief captain came, and said unto him, Tell me, art thou a Roman? He said, Yea.
      28.  And the chief captain answered, With a great sum obtained I this freedom. And Paul said, But I was free born.

     f.  Paulís defense before the Jewish council       

      Acts 23:1-10   And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience
       before God until this day.

      2.  And the high priest Ananias commanded them that stood by him to smite him on the mouth.
      3.  Then said Paul unto him, God shall smite thee, thou whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and
        commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law?

      4.  And they that stood by said, Revilest thou God's high priest?
      5.  Then said Paul, I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written,   Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler
       of thy people.

      6.  But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men
       and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question.

      7.  And when he had so said, there arose a dissension between the Pharisees and the Sadducees: and the multitude was
       divided.

      8.  For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.
      9.  And there arose a great cry: and the scribes that were of the Pharisees' part arose,  and strove, saying, We find no
       evil in this man: but if a spirit or an angel hath spoken  to him, let us not fight against God.

      10.  And when there arose a great dissension, the chief captain, fearing lest Paul should have been pulled in pieces of
       them, commanded the soldiers to go down, and to take him by force from among them, and to bring him into the castle.


    g. The Lord Jesus himself encourages Paul

      Acts 23:11   And the night following the Lord stood by him, and said, Be of good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified of
       me in Jerusalem, so must thou bear witness also at Rome.


     h.  A plot to kill Paul

      Acts 23:12-13   And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying
       that they would neither eat nor drink till they  had killed Paul.

      13.  And they were more than forty which had made this conspiracy.  (see Vs.13-35 )

     i.  Paul is delivered

      Acts 23:23-24   And he called unto him two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred soldiers to go to Caesarea,
       and horsemen threescore and ten, and spearmen two hundred, at the third hour of the night;

      24.  And provide them beasts, that they may set Paul on, and bring him safe unto Felix the governor.

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9. Paul at Caesarea

1.  Accusers against Paul

Acts 24:1, 5-9   And after five days Ananias the high priest descended with the elders, and with a certain orator named Tertullus, who informed the governor against Paul.
5.  For we have found this man a pestilent fellow, and a mover of sedition among all  the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes:
6.  Who also hath gone about to profane the temple: whom we took, and would have judged according to our law.
7.  But the chief captain Lysias came upon us, and with great violence took him away out of our hands,
8.  Commanding his accusers to come unto thee: by examining of whom thyself  mayest take knowledge of all these things, whereof we accuse him.
9.  And the Jews also assented, saying that these things were so.

 2.  Paulís defense

Acts 24:10-22   Then Paul, after that the governor had beckoned unto him to speak, answered, Forasmuch as I know that thou hast been of many years a judge unto this nation, I do the more cheerfully answer for myself:
11.  Because that thou mayest understand, that there are yet but twelve days since I went up to Jerusalem for to worship.
12.  And they neither found me in the temple disputing with any man, neither raising up the people, neither in the synagogues, nor in the city:
13.  Neither can they prove the things whereof they now accuse me.
14.  But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets:
15.  And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust.
16.  And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence toward God, and toward men.
17.  Now after many years I came to bring alms to my nation, and offerings.
18.  Whereupon certain Jews from Asia found me purified in the temple, neither with multitude, nor with tumult.
19.  Who ought to have been here before thee, and object, if they had ought against me.
20.  Or else let these same here say, if they have found any evil doing in me, while I stood before the council,
21.  Except it be for this one voice, that I cried standing among them, Touching the resurrection of the dead I am called in question by you this day.
22.  And when Felix heard these things, having more perfect knowledge of that way, he deferred them, and said, When Lysias the chief captain shall come down, I will know the uttermost of your matter.

     a.  Paulís 2yr. imprisonment

      Acts 24:27   But after two years Porcius Festus came into Felix' room: and Felix, willing to shew the Jews a pleasure, left
       Paul bound.


     b.  Paulís appeal to Caesar

      Acts 25:1-12  Now when Festus was come into the province, after three days he ascended from Caesarea to Jerusalem.
      2.  Then the high priest and the chief of the Jews informed him against Paul, and
      besought him,
      3.  And desired favour against him, that he would send for him to Jerusalem, laying wait in the way to kill him.
      4.  But Festus answered, that Paul should be kept at Caesarea, and that he himself would depart shortly thither.
      5.  Let them therefore, said he, which among you are able, go down with me, and accuse this man, if there be any
       wickedness in him.

      6.  And when he had tarried among them more than ten days, he went down unto Caesarea; and the next day sitting on
       the judgment seat commanded Paul to be brought.

      7.  And when he was come, the Jews which came down from Jerusalem stood round about, and laid many and grievous
      complaints against Paul, which they could not prove.

      8.  While he answered for himself, Neither against the law of the Jews, neither against the temple, nor yet against Caesar,
       have I offended any thing at all.

      9.  But Festus, willing to do the Jews a pleasure, answered Paul, and said, Wilt thou go up to Jerusalem, and there be
       judged of these things before me?

      10.  Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as
       thou very well knowest.

      11.  For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die: but if there be none of these
       things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Caesar.

      12.  Then Festus, when he had conferred with the council, answered, Hast thou appealed unto Caesar? unto Caesar shalt
      thou go.


     c.  Paulís testimony before King Agrippa

      Acts 26:13-18   At midday, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun, shining round
       about me and them which journeyed with me.

      14.  And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue, Saul,
       Saul, why persecutest thou me? it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.

      15.  And I said, Who art thou, Lord? And he said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest.
      16.  But rise, and stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a
       witness both of these things which thou hast seen, and  of those things in the which I will appear unto thee;

      17.  Delivering thee from the people, and from the Gentiles, unto whom now I send thee,
      18.  To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may 
       receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.  ( see Vs. 19-32 )


     d. King Agrippaís response

      Acts 26:28   Then Agrippa said unto Paul, Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian.      

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10. Voyage to Rome


1.  Setting sail

Acts 27:1-10   And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered Paul and certain other prisoners unto one named Julius, a centurion of Augustus' band.
2.  And entering into a ship of Adramyttium, we launched, meaning to sail by the coasts of Asia; one Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, being with us.
3.  And the next day we touched at Sidon. And Julius courteously entreated Paul, and gave him liberty to go unto his friends to refresh himself.
4.  And when we had launched from thence, we sailed under Cyprus, because the winds were contrary.
5.  And when we had sailed over the sea of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to Myra, a city of Lycia.
6.  And there the centurion found a ship of Alexandria sailing into Italy; and he put us therein.
7.  And when we had sailed slowly many days, and scarce were come over against Cnidus, the wind not suffering us, we sailed under Crete, over against Salmone;
8.  And, hardly passing it, came unto a place which is called The fair havens; nigh whereunto was the city of Lasea.
9.  Now when much time was spent, and when sailing was now dangerous, because the fast was now already past, Paul admonished them,
10.  And said unto them, Sirs, I perceive that this voyage will be with hurt and much damage, not only of the lading and ship, but also of our lives.

    a. A terrible storm

      Acts 27:14-15   But not long after there arose against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon.
      15.  And when the ship was caught, and could not bear up into the wind, we let her drive.  ( see Vs.14-44 )

    b. Paul is encouraged by an angel

      Acts 27:22-24   And now I exhort you to be of good cheer: for there shall be no loss of any man's life among you, but of
       the ship.

      23.  For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve,
      24.  Saying, Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought before Caesar: and, lo, God hath given thee all them that sail with thee.

2.  Shipwrecked on the island of Melita

    Acts 27:40-44   And when they had taken up the anchors, they committed themselves unto the sea, and loosed the rudder
     bands, and hoisted up the mainsail to the wind, and made toward shore.

    41.  And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained
     unmovable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.

    42.  And the soldiers' counsel was to kill the prisoners, lest any of them should swim out, and escape.
    43.  But the centurion, willing to save Paul, kept them from their purpose; and commanded that they which could swim
     should cast themselves first into the sea, and get to land:

    44.  And the rest, some on boards, and some on broken pieces of the ship. And so it came to pass, that they escaped all
     safe to land.


    Acts 28:1   And when they were escaped, then they knew that the island was called Melita.

    a.  Events on Melita

      1. Paul bitten by snake  

        Acts 28:3-5   And when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid them on the fire, there came a viper out of the
         heat, and fastened on his hand.

        4.  And when the barbarians saw the venomous beast hang on his hand, they said among themselves, No doubt this
         man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live.

        5.  And he shook off the beast into the fire, and felt no harm.

      2.  God heals through Paul

        Acts 28:8-9   And it came to pass, that the father of Publius lay sick of a fever and of a bloody flux: to whom Paul
         entered in, and prayed, and laid his hands on him, and healed him.

        9.  So when this was done, others also, which had diseases in the island, came, and were healed:  

      3.  Voyage resumed  

        Acts 28:11   And after three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria, which had wintered in the isle, whose sign
         was Castor and Pollux.

        12.  And landing at Syracuse, we tarried there three days.
        13.  And from thence we fetched a compass, and came to Rhegium: and after one day the south wind blew, and we
         came the next day to Puteoli:   

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11. Paul at Rome

1.  Arrival at Rome

Acts 28:16.  And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a soldier that kept him.

 2.  Paul ministers for two years

Acts 28:30:31   And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received all that came in unto him,
31.  Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.


    Apostle Paul wrote several of his Epistles during this time.

    *  Some believe that Paul was released after two years and was imprisoned a second    time.  At some point during his
        second imprisonment, he was beheaded.


    *  Some of his last words.

        2 Timothy 4:6-8   For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.
        7.  I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith:
        8.  Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that
        day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.


Revelation 2:10 ...be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.
 

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